Maulana Abu Ala Maududi was born on September 25, 1903 in Aurangabad, a famous town in the previous regal state of Hyderabad, Deccan (India). He was the immediate relative of Khwaja Qutubuddin Maudood Chishti, whose teachings arrived at Indo-Pakistan subcontinent through his well-known follower Khwaja Moinuddin of Ajmer. Maududi’s father Syed Ahmad Hasan Maududi was a supporter by calling. He was raised in Meerut and afterward moved to Hyderabad, Deccan. He got educated at Aligarh yet in later life was highly sick with the British Imperialism and western society. He even surrendered his lawful calling since he discovered it in opposition to his point of life. As a result of his hatred for the English lifestyle, instead of sending his kid to the English schools, he made him learn at home, some subjects which he taught him were the English dialect and expositive expression, current disciplines and Arabic, Persian and Urdu dialects.
In 1920, his father passed away. That year he joined the weekly Medinah of Bijnore (U.P.) and afterward turned into the editorial manager of Taj of Jabalpore even before he finished his seventeenth year. Later, he moved to Delhi and joined the weekly Muslim and from there on turned into the proofreader of the dayly al-Jamiat, Delhi, which was a blunt Muslim daily paper speaking from an Islamic perspective and sharply contradicted to the British control and in addition Hindu mastery. Under his editorship, it turned into the top daily paper of the Muslims of India. On the other hand, he left al-Jamiat when the coordinator gathering behind it indicated an inclination for the perspective of the Indian National Congress. In 1932, he began his own particular Journal, Tarjuman al-Quran that soon came to be exceptionally in trend around the Muslims of the subcontinent —managing and rousing them in each stage of their national being. Dr. Muhammad Iqbal who was one of the most punctual subscribers to Tarjuman al-Quran and held Maulana Maududi, in most noteworthy regard, looked for his collaboration in the work of recreation and improvement of Islamic statute. After a trade of perspectives, Dr. Iqbal likewise welcomed him to come to Punjab.
Maududi has composed not less than 120 books and handouts and made in excess of 1000 addresses and press comments, of which around the range of 700 are accessible on record. Throughout 1920-28, he deciphered four books one from Arabic, and the rest were from English. In 1930, his first major and great work was Al-Jihad fil Islam, which was profoundly acknowledged by the very wise and artist rationalist, Dr. Iqbal. Al-Jihad fil Islam is a great treatise on the Islamic law of war and peace. His talks on Islam (Khutabat), Islam principle Ibadat ka Tasawwur, Masla-e-Jabr-o-Qadr (The Problem of Free Will and Determination), Sunnat ki Aaeena Hasiyat, Tanqeehat were colossally acclaimed. His Tafhimat demonstrates into sane way the notions of Islam. Numerous releases of Purdah (veil), Haqooq-e-Zojain (Rights and Duties of Married Partners), have been distributed so far as these are profoundly prominent works in Muslim Communities. A standout among the most prominent books he composed is ”Towards Understanding Islam” which is a compact and clear presentation of Islam explaining the basics of convictions together with the rationale and justification of the way of Islam. However, his fundamental and huge commitment is interpretation and editorial of the Holy Quran entitled as ‘Tafhim al-Quran’ in six volumes. He took just about 30 years to finish this work. This ”Tafseer” explanation has made an enormous and broad effect on the contemporary Islamic thoroughly considering the entire planet. His works uncovered his savviness and grant, a profound observation and significance of the teachings of the Holy Quran and Sunnah. His written works permeated with a discriminating investigation of the western thought and history has furnished new parkways of musings, more current measurements of ethical magnificence and changing idea of mysticism. His books have been translated into the major languages/dialects of the globe like Arabic, English, French, German, Turkish, Persian, Hindi, Swahili, Tamil, Bengali and so on.
He lambasted and demonstrated the emptiness of different philosophies, which had started to ruin the brains and hearts of the Muslims. Through his diary, he spoke to the Muslim intellectuals to contemplate over the legitimate call of Islam, and if influenced, focus their energies on making the Islamic lifestyle in their individual life as people as well as in their political, financial, social and social dominions. For that reason, Maududi secured a scholastic and exploration focus Dar al-Islam in a joint effort with Allama Iqbal. The primary undertaking was to prepare skilled researchers for handling works of extraordinary quality on Islam, to start a full-fledged development on the example of the most punctual Caliphate, or more all to complete the reproduction of Islamic considered.
Maulana Maududi began taking investment in governmental issues around 1920 and joined the Khilafat Movement and got connected with the Tahrik-i-Hijrat. In 1940, he started another conglomeration under the name of Jamaat-i-Islami. He was chosen First Ameer of Jamaat and held this portfolio work 1972 which he left because of his crumbling health. He was the most stupendous Muslim faultfinder of the Congress. He composed a number of articles, which were extensively circled and later were joined in a book called ”Musalman Aur Maujooda Siyasi Kashmakash”. He energetically blasted and censured all the plans and systems of the Congress meant to retain the Muslims of the subcontinent into a regular nationhood and lead them adrift from the way of Islam. Maulana Maududi dissected and indicated the blunders of judgement of Maulana Hussain Ahmad Madni, one of the topmost researchers of Deoband. The Quaid-i-Azam comprehended the position of the Jamaat and status of Abul Ala Maududi great. At that time, he was approached to join the Jamaat-e-Islami, he said there was no clash between the Jamaat and the League; the one was working for a higher purpose and the other to understand the pressing prompt which, if lost might make the work of the Jamaat incomprehensible
After the partition of India and Pakistan in 1947, there was a large number of Maulana’s addresses on diverse frameworks of Islam, which were telecast from Radio Pakistan, Lahore. These addresses initiated in January 1948 and proceeded up to July 6, 1948. From the start, he continued reminding the authority to satisfy and guarantee securing an Islamic state, and for this reason a presentation of the objectives of the state in the lawful and sacred shape was of foremost vitality. In short, he prepared his deliberations on the foundation of a genuinely Islamic State and social order in the nation. As far as that is concerned, he restricted and lambasted the strategies sought after by the successive administrations of Pakistan. Subsequently, he was captured over and over and put into prison for long periods. It was because of the exertions of Maulana Maududi and his Jamaat that the Objectives Resolution was passed on March 12, 1949. It was additionally as per the Jamaat’s request that the Objectives Resolution was joined in the Constitution as Preamble.
In April 1979, Maulana Abul Ala Maududi had kidney issues, which intensified as time passed, and when he additionally experienced coronary illness, he needed to leave to the United States for medicine. After a couple of surgical operations, he ceased to leve this world on 22nd September 1979, at the age of 76. His memorial service function was held in Buffalo, yet later he was laid to rest at his residence Ichhra in Lahore.
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