Racial discrimination is increasing worldwide. Whether it is a developed country or an under developed nation racial discrimination at work is practiced everywhere. It is a violation of law to discriminate against anyone in the workplace because of their actual or assumed race or ethnicity.
Mostly discrimination at workplace is done by the employers, though colleagues are also involved in discrimination in a notable number of cases. Illegal workplace discrimination happens when a senior staff member takes adverse action against a person who is a worker, employee or a future employee because of his/her color, race, sexual orientation, age, marital status, religion, pregnancy and social origin. There are many adverse effects of racial discrimination at work. An employee who has been racially discriminated at work may suffer from mental disturbance and stress due to which his/her performing standards may fall.
Fair Work Act 2009 gives protection to employees and make sure that the employees do not get discriminated by their employers on the basis of their race and ethnicity. It is totally inhumane to treat people according to their races yet sadly; it is normal practice almost everywhere. United Nations has made many laws to stop discrimination on the basis of gender and race but still people indulge in it as if the laws didn’t exist at all.
According to Article 23 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, everyone without any discrimination on the basis of race and gender has right to get equal salaries for equal work and should get equal job opportunities. Sadly in the developed countries employees get different wages for same occupation because of their race and gender, this clearly shows discrimination at work. According to the survey conducted in United States in 2011, the trendiest form of employment discrimination was racial discrimination. According to the data collected by the US Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, in 2011, the organization received a total of 35,395 complaints countrywide. The number of complaints in 2011 is the same as that of year 2010 (35,890) –as if it was being maintained, which are alarming. With these figures, it would be safe to say that despite the efforts of the state and federal governments to eliminate workplace discrimination, some employers still find ways to practice unlawful acts.
According to the VII of the civil rights act of 1964, workplace discrimination based on person’s color, race and gender is unlawful and strong penalties are imposed on an employer practicing this act. According to this law, employers with 15 or more employees are forbidden from discriminating against persons based on nationality, gender, religion, origin and race or color.
Racial discrimination at work is not only limited to developed countries, it is practiced in under developed countries too. In a third world country like Pakistan this discrimination is at its peak. Minorities like Christians in Pakistan are discriminated. Christians find it hard to get a respectable job in Pakistan because of their religion. This act is very inhumane and some serious steps should be taken by authorities to stop such atrocities.
Employers should make all the necessary steps to facilitate their employees equally without taking their race, religion and color in accounts. According to facts and figures collected in recent years, racial discrimination at work is increasing with every passing day. Some serious laws and penalties should be imposed on people who are involved in racial discrimination, and for the situation where that doesn’t work; the duty lies upon the general public for it is us who would be blamed for ignoring such vile prejudices.
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